Spaces in a nanostructure can be filled with an organic material while in
the solid state below Tm (without heating) by exposing the organic material
to solvent vapor while on or mixed with the nanostructured material. The exposure
to solvent vapor results in intimate contact between the organic material and the
nanostructured material without having to expose them to possibly detrimental heat
to melt in the organic material. Solution processing methods need only to be employed
to create bulk films while organic material infiltration can take place in the
solid state after depositing the film.